Artificial Insemination

Overview:

Artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a technique that can help treat certain infertility conditions. Sperm are injected into the uterus. This allows more sperm to be available to fertilize the egg (oocyte). This technique also shortens the distance for sperm to swim to find the egg. Although there are many different types of artificial insemination (vaginal insemination, cervical insemination and fallopian tube insemination) intrauterine insemination is the most widely used and the most effective method.

Other more advance reproductive techniques have higher pregnancy rates, but for some couples IUI is ideal because it is a simple procedure with very few side effects. It is also a less costly than other techniques.

Who Needs IUI?

  • IUI is often used for male infertility (men with low sperm counts or low motility)
  • Is often used in conjunction with women who need help with ovulation (anovulation)
  • It is often used when women have cervical mucus that is hostile to sperm
  • Occasionally it is used to treat women that have cervical stenosis (narrow cervical canal)
  • IUI is the most common treatment in healthy women that do not have a male partner (lesbian couples, single women)
  • IUI is often used in conjunction with donor sperm for couples whose male partner has no sperm.